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RFC 5813

 
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Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) R. Haas Request for Comments: 5813 IBM Category: Standards Track March 2010 ISSN: 2070-1721 Forwarding and Control Element Separation (ForCES) MIB Abstract This memo defines a Management Information Base (MIB) module for use with network management protocols in the Internet community. In particular, it defines managed objects for the Forwarding and Control Element Separation (ForCES) Network Element (NE). Status of This Memo This is an Internet Standards Track document. This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has received public review and has been approved for publication by the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Further information on Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741. Information about the current status of this document, any errata, and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5813. Copyright Notice Copyright (c) 2010 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document authors. All rights reserved. This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions Relating to IETF Documents (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of publication of this document. Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect to this document. Code Components extracted from this document must include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as described in the Simplified BSD License. Haas Standards Track [Page 1]
RFC 5813 ForCES MIB March 2010 Table of Contents 1. The Internet-Standard Management Framework ......................2 2. Introduction ....................................................2 3. Requirements Notation ...........................................3 4. ForCES MIB Overview .............................................3 5. ForCES MIB Definition ...........................................4 6. Associations Kept in the MIB ...................................13 7. Support for Multiple CEs and FEs ...............................14 8. Security Considerations ........................................14 9. IANA Considerations ............................................15 10. References ....................................................15 10.1. Normative References .....................................15 10.2. Informative References ...................................16 Appendix A. Acknowledgments ......................................17 1. The Internet-Standard Management Framework For a detailed overview of the documents that describe the current Internet-Standard Management Framework, please refer to section 7 of [RFC3410]. Managed objects are accessed via a virtual information store, termed the Management Information Base or MIB. MIB objects are generally accessed through the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP). Objects in the MIB are defined using the mechanisms defined in the Structure of Management Information (SMI). This memo specifies a MIB module that is compliant to the SMIv2, which is described in STD 58, [RFC2578], STD 58, [RFC2579] and STD 58, [RFC2580]. 2. Introduction The ForCES MIB module is a read-only MIB module that captures information related to the ForCES protocol ([RFC3654], [RFC3746], [FORCES-APP], and [RFC5810]). The ForCES MIB module does not include information that is specified in other MIB modules, such as packet counters for interfaces, etc. More specifically, the information in the ForCES MIB module relative to associations (between Control Elements and Forwarding Elements) that are in the UP state includes: o identifiers of the elements in the association, o configuration parameters of the association, and o statistics of the association. Haas Standards Track [Page 2]
RFC 5813 ForCES MIB March 2010 3. Requirements Notation The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119]. 4. ForCES MIB Overview The MIB module contains the latest ForCES protocol version supported by the Control Element (CE) (forcesLatestProtocolVersionSupported). Note that the CE must also allow interaction with Forwarding Elements (FEs) supporting earlier versions. For each association identified by the pair CE ID and FE ID, the following associated information is provided by the MIB module as an entry (forcesAssociationEntry) in the association table (forcesAssociationTable): o Version number of the ForCES protocol running in this association (forcesAssociationRunningProtocolVersion). o Time when the association entered the UP state (forcesAssociationTimeUp). o Time when the association left the UP state (forcesAssociationTimeDown). Note that this is only used for notification purposes as the association is removed from the MIB immediately after it leaves the UP state. o Number of ForCES Heartbeat messages sent from the CE (forcesAssociationHBMsgSent) and received by the CE (forcesAssociationHBMsgReceived) since the association entered the UP state. o Number of operational ForCES messages sent from the CE (forcesAssociationOperMsgSent) and received by the CE (forcesAssociationOperMsgReceived) since the association entered the UP state. Only messages other than Heartbeat, Association Setup, Association Setup Response, and Association Teardown are counted. Finally, the MIB module defines the following notifications: o Whenever an association enters the UP state, a notification (forcesAssociationEntryUp) is issued containing the version of the ForCES protocol running. CE ID and FE ID are concatenated to form the table index, hence they appear in the OID of the ForCES- protocol running-version object. Optionally, a notification Haas Standards Track [Page 3]
RFC 5813 ForCES MIB March 2010 (forcesAssociationEntryUpStats) can instead be issued with all associated information for this association, except forcesAssociationTimeDown. o Whenever an association leaves the UP state, a notification (forcesAssociationEntryDown) is issued containing the version of the ForCES protocol running. Optionally, a notification (forcesAssociationEntryDownStats) can instead be issued with all associated information for this association. The reason is that the association and all its associated information will be removed from the MIB immediately after this notification has been issued. 5. ForCES MIB Definition FORCES-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN IMPORTS MODULE-IDENTITY, OBJECT-TYPE, NOTIFICATION-TYPE, mib-2, Integer32 FROM SNMPv2-SMI TEXTUAL-CONVENTION, TimeStamp FROM SNMPv2-TC MODULE-COMPLIANCE, OBJECT-GROUP, NOTIFICATION-GROUP FROM SNMPv2-CONF ZeroBasedCounter32 FROM RMON2-MIB; forcesMib MODULE-IDENTITY LAST-UPDATED "201003100000Z" -- March 10, 2010 ORGANIZATION "IETF Forwarding and Control Element Separation (ForCES) Working Group" CONTACT-INFO "WG Charter: http://www.ietf.org/html.charters/forces-charter.html Mailing lists: General Discussion: forces@ietf.org To Subscribe: https://www.ietf.org/mailman/listinfo/forces Chairs: Patrick Droz Email: dro@zurich.ibm.com Jamal Hadi Salim Email: hadi@mojatatu.com Haas Standards Track [Page 4]
RFC 5813 ForCES MIB March 2010 Editor: Robert Haas IBM Email: rha@zurich.ibm.com" DESCRIPTION "This MIB module contains managed object definitions for the ForCES Protocol. Copyright (c) 2010 IETF Trust and the persons identified as authors of the code. All rights reserved. Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject to the license terms contained in, the Simplified BSD License set forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions Relating to IETF Documents (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info). This version of this MIB module is part of RFC 5813; see the RFC itself for full legal notices." REVISION "201003100000Z" -- March 10, 2010 DESCRIPTION "Initial version, published as RFC 5813." ::= { mib-2 187 } --**************************************************************** forcesMibNotifications OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { forcesMib 0 } forcesMibObjects OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { forcesMib 1 } forcesMibConformance OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { forcesMib 2 } ForcesID ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The ForCES identifier is a 4-octet quantity." SYNTAX OCTET STRING (SIZE (4)) ForcesProtocolVersion ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION DISPLAY-HINT "d" STATUS current DESCRIPTION "ForCES protocol version number. The version numbers used are defined in the specifications of the respective protocol: 1 - ForCESv1, RFC 5810." SYNTAX Integer32 (1..255) Haas Standards Track [Page 5]
RFC 5813 ForCES MIB March 2010 -- Notifications forcesAssociationEntryUp NOTIFICATION-TYPE OBJECTS { forcesAssociationRunningProtocolVersion } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This notification is generated as soon as an association enters the UP state. Note that these notifications are not throttled as the CE itself should throttle the setup of associations." ::= { forcesMibNotifications 1 } forcesAssociationEntryDown NOTIFICATION-TYPE OBJECTS { forcesAssociationRunningProtocolVersion } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This notification is generated as soon as an association leaves the UP state. Note that these notifications are not throttled as the CE itself should throttle the setup of associations." ::= { forcesMibNotifications 2 } forcesAssociationEntryUpStats NOTIFICATION-TYPE OBJECTS { forcesAssociationRunningProtocolVersion, forcesAssociationTimeUp } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This notification is generated as soon as an association enters the UP state. Note that these notifications are not throttled as the CE itself should throttle the setup of associations." ::= { forcesMibNotifications 3 } Haas Standards Track [Page 6]
RFC 5813 ForCES MIB March 2010 forcesAssociationEntryDownStats NOTIFICATION-TYPE OBJECTS { forcesAssociationRunningProtocolVersion, forcesAssociationTimeUp, forcesAssociationTimeDown, forcesAssociationHBMsgSent, forcesAssociationHBMsgReceived, forcesAssociationOperMsgSent, forcesAssociationOperMsgReceived, forcesAssociationCounterDiscontinuityTime } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This notification is generated as soon as an association leaves the UP state. Note that these notifications are not throttled as the CE itself should throttle the setup of associations." ::= { forcesMibNotifications 4 } -- Objects forcesLatestProtocolVersionSupported OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX ForcesProtocolVersion MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The ForCES protocol version supported by the CE. The current protocol version is 1. Note that the CE must also allow interaction with FEs supporting earlier versions." ::= { forcesMibObjects 1 } forcesAssociations OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { forcesMibObjects 2 } forcesAssociationTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF ForcesAssociationEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The (conceptual) table of associations." ::= { forcesAssociations 1 } Haas Standards Track [Page 7]
RFC 5813 ForCES MIB March 2010 forcesAssociationEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX ForcesAssociationEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A (conceptual) entry for one association." INDEX { forcesAssociationCEID, forcesAssociationFEID } ::= { forcesAssociationTable 1 } ForcesAssociationEntry ::= SEQUENCE { forcesAssociationCEID ForcesID, forcesAssociationFEID ForcesID, forcesAssociationRunningProtocolVersion ForcesProtocolVersion, forcesAssociationTimeUp TimeStamp, forcesAssociationTimeDown TimeStamp, forcesAssociationHBMsgSent ZeroBasedCounter32, forcesAssociationHBMsgReceived ZeroBasedCounter32, forcesAssociationOperMsgSent ZeroBasedCounter32, forcesAssociationOperMsgReceived ZeroBasedCounter32, forcesAssociationCounterDiscontinuityTime TimeStamp } forcesAssociationCEID OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX ForcesID MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The ForCES ID of the CE." ::= { forcesAssociationEntry 1 } forcesAssociationFEID OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX ForcesID MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The ForCES ID of the FE." ::= { forcesAssociationEntry 2 } Haas Standards Track [Page 8]
RFC 5813 ForCES MIB March 2010 forcesAssociationRunningProtocolVersion OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX ForcesProtocolVersion MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The current ForCES protocol version used in this association. The current protocol version is 1." ::= { forcesAssociationEntry 3 } forcesAssociationTimeUp OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TimeStamp MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of sysUpTime at the time this association entered the UP state. If this association started prior to the last initialization of the network subsystem, then this object contains a zero value. This object allows to uniquely identify associations with the same CE and FE IDs." ::= { forcesAssociationEntry 4 } forcesAssociationTimeDown OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TimeStamp MAX-ACCESS accessible-for-notify STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of sysUpTime at the time this association left the UP state." ::= { forcesAssociationEntry 5 } forcesAssociationHBMsgSent OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX ZeroBasedCounter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A counter of how many Heartbeat messages have been sent by the CE on this association since the association entered the UP state. Discontinuities in the value of this counter can occur at reinitialization of the management system, and at other times as indicated by the value of forcesAssociationCounterDiscontinuityTime." ::= { forcesAssociationEntry 6 } Haas Standards Track [Page 9]
RFC 5813 ForCES MIB March 2010 forcesAssociationHBMsgReceived OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX ZeroBasedCounter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A counter of how many Heartbeat messages have been received by the CE on this association since the association entered the UP state. Discontinuities in the value of this counter can occur at reinitialization of the management system, and at other times as indicated by the value of forcesAssociationCounterDiscontinuityTime." ::= { forcesAssociationEntry 7 } forcesAssociationOperMsgSent OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX ZeroBasedCounter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A counter of how many messages other than Heartbeat (i.e., Config and Query) have been sent by the CE on this association since the association entered the UP state. Discontinuities in the value of this counter can occur at reinitialization of the management system, and at other times as indicated by the value of forcesAssociationCounterDiscontinuityTime." ::= { forcesAssociationEntry 8 } forcesAssociationOperMsgReceived OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX ZeroBasedCounter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A counter of how many messages other than Heartbeat (i.e., Config response, Query response, event notification, and packet redirect) have been received by the CE on this association since the association entered the UP state. Discontinuities in the value of this counter can occur at reinitialization of the management system, and at other times as indicated by the value of forcesAssociationCounterDiscontinuityTime." ::= { forcesAssociationEntry 9 } Haas Standards Track [Page 10]
RFC 5813 ForCES MIB March 2010 forcesAssociationCounterDiscontinuityTime OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TimeStamp MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of sysUpTime on the most recent occasion at which any one or more of this association's counters suffered a discontinuity. The relevant counters are the specific instances associated with this association of any ZeroBasedCounter32 object contained in the forcesAssociationTable. If no such discontinuities have occurred since the last reinitialization of the local management subsystem, then this object contains a zero value." ::= { forcesAssociationEntry 10 } -- Conformance forcesMibCompliances OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { forcesMibConformance 1 } forcesMibGroups OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { forcesMibConformance 2 } -- Compliance statements forcesMibCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The compliance statement for routers running ForCES and implementing the ForCES MIB." MODULE -- this module MANDATORY-GROUPS { forcesMibGroup, forcesNotificationGroup } GROUP forcesNotificationStatsGroup DESCRIPTION "Implementation of this group is recommended." GROUP forcesStatsGroup DESCRIPTION "Implementation of this group is recommended." ::= { forcesMibCompliances 1 } Haas Standards Track [Page 11]
RFC 5813 ForCES MIB March 2010 -- Units of conformance forcesNotificationGroup NOTIFICATION-GROUP NOTIFICATIONS { forcesAssociationEntryUp, forcesAssociationEntryDown } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A collection of notifications for signaling important ForCES events." ::= { forcesMibGroups 1 } forcesMibGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { forcesLatestProtocolVersionSupported, forcesAssociationRunningProtocolVersion } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A collection of objects to support management of ForCES routers." ::= { forcesMibGroups 2 } forcesNotificationStatsGroup NOTIFICATION-GROUP NOTIFICATIONS { forcesAssociationEntryUpStats, forcesAssociationEntryDownStats } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A collection of optional notifications for signaling important ForCES events including statistics." ::= { forcesMibGroups 3 } Haas Standards Track [Page 12]
RFC 5813 ForCES MIB March 2010 forcesStatsGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { forcesAssociationTimeUp, forcesAssociationTimeDown, forcesAssociationHBMsgSent, forcesAssociationHBMsgReceived, forcesAssociationOperMsgSent, forcesAssociationOperMsgReceived, forcesAssociationCounterDiscontinuityTime } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A collection of optional objects to provide extra information about the associations. There is no protocol reason to keep such information, but these objects can be very useful in debugging connectivity problems." ::= { forcesMibGroups 4} END 6. Associations Kept in the MIB Associations enter the UP state as soon as the CE has sent to the FE an Association Setup Response message containing a successful Association Setup Result. Only associations that are UP are reflected in this MIB module. Associations are removed from the MIB module as soon as they leave the UP state, i.e., if the CE has not received any message (Heartbeat or other protocol message) from the FE within a given time period or if an Association Teardown message has been sent by the CE. Statistics counters are initialized to zero when the association is created. If the same association goes down and comes back up, the counters will reset and the discontinuity can be discovered by checking the discontinuity timestamp. In addition, the time-up timestamp in the association allows to distinguish new associations from past ones with the same index. Note that the optional down notification contains the statistics with the final values of the statistics counters. Haas Standards Track [Page 13]
RFC 5813 ForCES MIB March 2010 7. Support for Multiple CEs and FEs An NE consists of one or more FEs and one or more CEs. Where there is a single CE, that CE will have knowledge of all the associations in the NE and so can provide the information necessary to support the managed objects defined in this MIB module. Where there is more than one CE, information about the associations may be distributed among the CEs. Whether each CE implements the managed objects for the associations of which it is aware or whether the CEs cooperate to present the appearance of a single set of managed objects for all the associations in the NE is outside the scope of this document. 8. Security Considerations There are no management objects defined in this MIB module that have a MAX-ACCESS clause of read-write and/or read-create. So, if this MIB module is implemented correctly, then there is no risk that an intruder can alter or create any management objects of this MIB module via direct SNMP SET operations. Some of the readable objects in this MIB module (i.e., objects with a MAX-ACCESS other than not-accessible) may be considered sensitive or vulnerable in some network environments. It is thus important to control even GET and/or NOTIFY access to these objects and possibly to even encrypt the values of these objects when sending them over the network via SNMP. These are the tables and objects and their sensitivity/vulnerability: o Objects in the forcesMibGroup are protocol versions. They are neither sensitive nor vulnerable. o Objects in the forcesStatsGroup are statistics. They are neither sensitive nor vulnerable. SNMP versions prior to SNMPv3 did not include adequate security. Even if the network itself is secure (for example by using IPsec), even then, there is no control as to who on the secure network is allowed to access and GET/SET (read/change/create/delete) the objects in this MIB module. It is RECOMMENDED that implementers consider the security features as provided by the SNMPv3 framework (see [RFC3410], section 8), including full support for the SNMPv3 cryptographic mechanisms (for authentication and privacy). Further, deployment of SNMP versions prior to SNMPv3 is NOT RECOMMENDED. Instead, it is RECOMMENDED to deploy SNMPv3 and to enable cryptographic security. It is then a customer/operator Haas Standards Track [Page 14]
RFC 5813 ForCES MIB March 2010 responsibility to ensure that the SNMP entity giving access to an instance of this MIB module is properly configured to give access to the objects only to those principals (users) that have legitimate rights to indeed GET or SET (change/create/delete) them. 9. IANA Considerations The MIB module in this document uses the following IANA-assigned OBJECT IDENTIFIER values recorded in the SMI Numbers registry: Descriptor OBJECT IDENTIFIER value ---------- ----------------------- forcesMIB { mib-2 187 } 10. References 10.1. Normative References [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. [RFC2578] McCloghrie, K., Ed., Perkins, D., Ed., and J. Schoenwaelder, Ed., "Structure of Management Information Version 2 (SMIv2)", STD 58, RFC 2578, April 1999. [RFC2579] McCloghrie, K., Ed., Perkins, D., Ed., and J. Schoenwaelder, Ed., "Textual Conventions for SMIv2", STD 58, RFC 2579, April 1999. [RFC2580] McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., and J. Schoenwaelder, "Conformance Statements for SMIv2", STD 58, RFC 2580, April 1999. [RFC5810] Doria, A., Ed., Hadi Salim, J., Ed., Haas, R., Ed., Khosravi, H., Ed., Wang, W., Ed., Dong, L., Gopal, R., and J. Halpern, "Forwarding and Control Element Separation (ForCES) Protocol Specification", RFC 5810, March 2010. Haas Standards Track [Page 15]
RFC 5813 ForCES MIB March 2010 10.2. Informative References [FORCES-APP] Crouch, A., Khosravi, H., Doria, A., Wang, X., and K. Ogawa, "ForCES Applicability Statement", Work in Progress, February 2010. [RFC3410] Case, J., Mundy, R., Partain, D., and B. Stewart, "Introduction and Applicability Statements for Internet-Standard Management Framework", RFC 3410, December 2002. [RFC3654] Khosravi, H. and T. Anderson, "Requirements for Separation of IP Control and Forwarding", RFC 3654, November 2003. [RFC3746] Yang, L., Dantu, R., Anderson, T., and R. Gopal, "Forwarding and Control Element Separation (ForCES) Framework", RFC 3746, April 2004. Haas Standards Track [Page 16]
RFC 5813 ForCES MIB March 2010 Appendix A. Acknowledgments The author gratefully acknowledges the contributions of Spencer Dawkins, Jinrong Fenggen, John Flick, Xiaoyi Guo, Joel Halpern, Tom Petch, Jamal Hadi Salim, and Bert Wijnen. Author's Address Robert Haas IBM Saeumerstrasse 4 Rueschlikon 8803 CH EMail: rha@zurich.ibm.com URI: http://www.zurich.ibm.com/~rha Haas Standards Track [Page 17]

   

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